In running text, capitalize titles when they precede names and are used as part of the names. Capitalize titles both in front of the name and after the name in programs for events, in lists, and informal documents such as diplomas.


Professor Mary Smith was the featured speaker.

Speakers:     Hannah Arendt, Professor of Philosophy

                    Judith A. Ramaley, President

In running text, do not capitalize when the title follows the name or when it stands alone.


G.W.F. Hegel, professor of philosophy, gave the convocation.

He is a professor in the department.

Capitalize named, distinguished, and endowed professorships, and named scholarships, awards, and events.


John Nash, Distinguished Professor of Mathematics.

Harland and Pauline Knight Scholarship.

Always give the full name of persons when they first appear in an article. Journalistic style indicates that the following references should be by surname only. Formal styles may call for repetition of a title in subsequent references.

Spelling out degrees is readable in running text. Degrees should not be capitalized.


He is working toward a bachelor’s degree.
Marie Curie, master of science in chemistry, is coordinator of the program.

The Chicago Manual of Style recommends omitting periods for abbreviations of degrees: BA, BS, MA, MS, MFA, MBA, PhD, AS.

Names of departments, colleges, offices, organizations, committees, societies, institutes, centers, and boards are capitalized when referenced in full and in lowercase when not referenced in full.


Richard Ford, chair of the Department of English, gave the opening statement.

He has been chair of the department since 1998.

The Council of Administrators met on Monday. The meeting schedule of the council varies.

Use lowercase terms designating academic semesters and years.


Holden Caulfield, a freshman, is a Knight Scholar.

Josephine March will graduate in spring 2008.